Monday, August 8, 2011

Anglo-Saxon vs. Latinate

Often times in writing, I talk about content, content, and more content. How to foreshadow, how to create believable characters, plotting etc. etc. However, I rarely talk about the finer mechanics of writing and words in general. For a few reasons, the most prominent being that its intimidating. I don't know everything when it comes to grammar, or when it comes to sentence structure. However, this week, I have decided to venture into some lesser known territory. I wanted to discuss word usage. In particular, using Ango-Saxon words vs. using Latinate words.

Basically, after the Romans left Britain in 410 AD, Germanic tribes started to populate Britain. A few of the main tribes were the Anglos, and the Saxons, which gave historians the name Anglo-Saxon. Along with themselves, they brought their vocabulary (Anglo-Saxon words), words like house, send, or stop.

Latinate words come from, you guessed it, Latin. In 591, Christian missionaries brought Latin to Britain, and so from the Latin, many English words were derived. Latinate words have Latin roots, such as, aquarium (aqua in Latin means water).

Now that the little history lesson is taken care of (hopefully I got the facts right, if not let me know!), onto how it matters to you as a writer. Let's start by identifying the different characteristics of each type of word.

Anglo-Saxon words:
-Usually less formal
-Often single syllables
-Can be more forceful, shocking, and harsher. For example, some profanities are of Anglo-Saxon origin.
Some examples of Anglo-Saxon words: send, build, stop, hearty, mock, the s-word, the f-word (I use those short forms to be sensitive.)

Latinate words:
-Usually more formal
-Often polysyllabic
-Have a more "high society"/proper feel
-Stress is often on the second syllable
-Often turn into euphemisms for blunter Anglo-Saxon words
Some examples of Latinate words (see how they contrast to Anglo-Saxon words): transmit, construct, resist, cordial, imitate, excrement, intercourse

The major thing about knowing about these two types of words is that a writer needs to understand how to use them together. If a writer uses to many Latinate words then that will lead to stuffy prose. On the flip side, if a writer uses too many Anglo-Saxon words it will lead to plain prose. Although, using more Anglo-Saxon words is generally a better idea, it's important to know how to use Latinate words. I find, that the trick to using Latinate words the best way, is to have them contrasting with Anglo-Saxon words. Such as, "The woman was the opposite of stale, and unprofitable." The word 'stale' being the Anglo-Saxon word, and 'unprofitable' being the Latinate word. It's important to use the Latinate words among Anglo-Saxon words to create interesting prose, so long as you don't get carried away with overly formal Latinate words.

Alright, so this post is bordering on confusing, so to sum everything up. It's important to be aware of the different types of words, and the effects they have on your writing. It really is a judgement call as to whether you have too many Latinate words, or not enough in your writing. Good luck!

6 comments:

  1. This was very helpful! Thanks for posting!

    ReplyDelete
  2. No problem, thanks for the comment:)

    ReplyDelete
  3. I seldom write responses, but i did a few searching and wound up here "Anglo-Saxon vs. Latinate".
    And I actually do have 2 questions for you if it's allright. Is it simply me or does it appear like a few of these comments look as if they are left by brain dead folks? :-P And, if you are posting at other online sites, I'd like to keep up with anything new you
    have to post. Could you list of every one of all your
    social pages like your Facebook page, twitter
    feed, or linkedin profile?
    my webpage: http://leatherrecliningsofa.net/

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. I have info in the sidebar of this blog that lets people know where they can find me other than here:) I don't have any other social pages that aren't listed in there.

      The best way to keep up with my writing is to either follow this blog through blogger, or by the email follow, again found in the sidebar.

      Thanks for the comment!

      Delete
  4. what is an example of a sentance using latinate?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. An example of sentence loaded with latinate words:

      Under no circumstances is an instructor to exercise their grade-changing prerogative.

      How I would rewrite it:
      Teachers aren't allowed to use their right to change grades.

      Hope that helped!

      Delete

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